App Wheel

Qual. Exam



AIR MINISTRY PAMPHLET 15 — Appendix V —1946



Appendix V
A.M. Pamphlet 15
(17th Edition)


1. Candidates who are qualified for direct entry, under the provisions of Appendix VI to this pamphlet, are required to take only the General Intelligence Test in the qualifying examination (for dates, see para. 14 of this pamphlet). All other candidates, including "Service" candidates, are required to take the whole of the qualifying examination.

2. "Service" Candidates. — Candidates either of whose parents is serving or has served in the Royal Air Force, the Auxiliary Air Force, the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve or the Women's Auxiliary Air Force or who has served in the Royal Flying Corps or the Royal Naval Air service may be permitted by the Air Council to sit at the examination as "Service" candidates. To be successful, such candidates must reach a qualifying standard determined by the Air Council. Application for a "Service" candidature (if the parent is serving) should be made through the C.O.; otherwise it should be made direct to the Under-Secretary of State, Air Ministry, E.S.2 (c), Kingsway, London, W.C.2. The grant of a "Service" candidature is invalid unless the candidate also obtains a nomination.

3. Examinations, which occupy one day only, are conducted at centres situated as near as possible to the candidates' places of residence.

4. A fee of 2s. 6d., payable at the examination centre on the examination day, is charged to cover the cost of the examination. Full instructions as to the method of payment will be sent to candidates by the nominating authorities. Candidates who take only the General Intelligence Test are not required to pay an examination fee.

Examination Subjects

5. The subjects of the examination are as follows:—




English (Comprehension Test)
General Paper.



General Intelligence Test.

Candidates must attain such a standard in mathematics, in the General Intelligence Test and in the examination as a whole, as to satisfy the Air Council.


6. The syllabus on which Part (a) of the examination is based is as follows :—



Mathematics. — Arithmetical calculations: the properties of angles, triangles, circles, similar figures; loci; solution of right-angled triangles by drawing and by the use of trigonometrical tables: calculation of the areas and volumes related to simple solids such as cylinder, sphere, wedge, cone. Algebraic calculation in connection with the geometrical properties named above and with other problems, including: — the expression of an arithmetical generalisation in a formula; the interpretation of a formula; the evaluation of a formula for numerical values of its variables; the solution of easy equations; simple examples of varying magnitudes treated by means of graphs and otherwise; inversion of a formula (or change of the subject of a formula); use of logarithms; gradient of a graph.
      All candidates are required to reach a qualifying standard in this subject.




Science. — Candidates will not be expected to have covered the whole of the syllabus outlined below. They are advised to limit their preparation to not more than three Sections, one of which should be mechanics, if possible.


    Section 1. Mechanics. — Elementary notions of velocity, acceleration, mass force and weight. Work, energy and power. Triangle and parallelogram of velocities and forces; resolution of velocities and forces. Moments. Simple machines and their application; efficiency. Friction. Centre of gravity and stability. Gravitation and falling bodies. Density and specific gravity. Pressure in liquids; water supply; hydraulic press; pumps; syphon. Flotation; Archimedes' principle; atmospheric pressure; Barometers. Balloons and aeroplanes. Boyle's Law.


    Section 2. Heat. — Expansion and its applications (linear coefficients only). Thermometers. Conduction, convection and radiation. Elementary ideas of change of state; specific heat and latent heat. Units of heat measurement. Application of the foregoing to such topics as ventilation, heating and cooling, winds, rain, dew, cloud, mist and fog. Clothing, refrigeration. Nature of heat. Transformation of energy. Mechanical equivalent.


    Section 3. Light and Sound.(a) Light. — Reflection at plane and spherical surfaces, and the formation of images. Phenomena of refraction. Prisms and the spectrum. Colour. Formation of images by thin lenses. Combination of two lenses to form a simple telescope and microscope. The simple camera. (A clear conception of the main physical phenomena of image formation is expected; formulae for mirrors and lenses are not required.)
    (b) Sound. — Transmission and velocity of sound in air. Echoes. Elementary ideas of pitch and loudness.


    Section 4. Magnetism and Electricity. — Elementary ideas of magnetism. The construction, care and uses of common primary and secondary cells and batteries. Effects of an electric current with examples of practical applications such as electric bells, simple electrical measuring instruments and detectors, telegraph, telephone, lamps and fuses. Ohm's Law. Simple series and parallel circuits. Joule's Law. Simple phenomena of electro-magnetic induction with examples of practical applications such as the alternator, dynamo and transformer. Principle of electric motor.
(All the applications should be treated' only with sufficient detail to give an intelligent idea of principles.)


    Section 5. Chemistry. — Elements, compounds and mixtures. The separation of mixtures and the purification of substances by solution, filtration, distillation, crystallisation, sublimation, etc. The chemistry of air, water and chalk, including natural waters and water softening. Electrolysis of water and the action of sodium, calcium and iron on water. Acids, bases, and salts; neutralisation. Carbon dioxide; the carbon cycle-; respiration and photo-synthesis. Carbon monoxide. Producer gas and water gas. Coal gas. Ammonia, nitric acid, nitrates. Nitrogen cycle.. Common salt. Spirits of salt; chlorine. Bleaching.
     Reduction of iron oxide by carbon, carbon monoxide and hydrogen and an elementary outline of the winning of iron from its ores.
    The use of symbols and formulae together with simple calculations involving composition by weight.



Essay. — Candidates will be required to write an essay on a subject of general or particular interest. A wide choice of subjects will be given and candidates will be assessed on their ability to express themselves, clearly and on their factual knowledge of the subject chosen, or on original ideas. With regard to spelling, it is essential in this and in other subjects that the candidate should make his meaning clear. A misspelling that obscures the meaning will involve loss of marks, but no penalty will be exacted for a misspelling that leaves the meaning clear



English (Comprehension Test). — Questions will be asked on the subject matter of a given passage to see whether candidates have read it with understanding.



General Paper. — This may contain questions on English Literature, geography, history, current affairs, woodwork, metal work and on matters of general everyday interest.